By counting cards, you get a sketch of the balance of high and low cards which are still in the deck. This allows you to assess if the situation is better than average, meaning that you have a higher probability of making a profit. In this way, you can exploit the favourable situation, by placing higher bets, which will eventually compensate for any previous losses and will also let you make additional profits. Therefore, card counting has a significant impact on the amount of your bets. However, before using this strategy, you have to know the best moves to make in each situation. Therefore, you should use strategy tables to make sure that you play each hand optimally to maximise your probabilities of winning.

So how will you identify these favourable situations? How will you know when there are more favourable cards left in the deck. How will you know when to start placing higher bets to make more significant profits? There have to be more high cards left in the deck, like 10’s and aces, for a substantial chance of winning. This means that a lot of the small value cards have to be drawn at the beginning of the game. The pack usually contains between four to eight decks of cards, and at the beginning of the game, there is an equal probability for each card to be drawn. As the game progresses, you have to keep track of all the cards that have been dealt already. You don’t have to remember every card that is drawn. You should simply track the ratio of high cards that are dealt when compared to low cards. Thus, when there are only a few cards left in the pack, you will be able to estimate whether there is a higher chance of the card being high or low. At this point, if a lot of the smaller cards have been drawn already, place an increased bet on it being a higher value card.

]]>After each shift, the dealer will approach the pit boss and tell him/her about card counting suspicions. This is why we suggest, when the dealer leaves, look for where he goes and if he is pointing to your direction. The pit boss will start observing the play by walking around. If he sees a substantial bet spreads, he might look through the discard tray and count cards backwards to check if your play correlates with the cards that have come out. He might also simply walk up to you and start talking to you in a friendly manner to make you lose your concentration. This is why some people do not start out with 1 unit bets. They might switch between 1-3 unit bets. Moreover, this is why counters train their skills in a way that counting becomes second nature, so that when they do get disturbed, they can continue counting.

When the pit boss starts suspecting something, he might use the phone to call the security for a skills check. They turn the surveillance cameras on you and may analyze your previous play to see if you are in the system. If you are in the system, the pit boss might mark you as a counter in his or her notes. The security of the casino is basically retired card counters so they can tell quickly who is counting and who is not. Then they assess if you are a threat or not. If they think you are a threat to the casino, they come down with a group of people and tell you that you are too good for the game.

Then they might share your information and pictures (collected from surveillance footage) with other casinos. Then you will find out you are banned from other casinos as well.

1. Make the rules worse. Remove doubling after split. Remove late surrender. There are several things that they can do to increase the house edge. Regular players know that bad rules equal fewer winnings too, so many of them would be less likely to play.

2. Use automatic shuffling machines. This makes counting useless. Most players and sometimes even dealers hate these machines.

]]>When you register on an online poker game, you will get some complimentary chips to start with. It won’t be much but will be enough to provide you long hours of gaming on small stake tables. On the other hand, if you use all your money in a single game, a big loss can clear out all your chips at once. Beginning with low stakes will give you enough time to understand how the online poker works as well as keep some chips saved for long term winnings.

Online poker games are fast and need you to act fast before the timer runs out, and you miss your turn. This can be difficult in the begging for the live players who will face difficulty to calculate their risks that fast. The time limit also affects the novice players who are just getting familiar with the game. But they can get used the feeling of running out of time and can improve with time. The time limit online is necessary as thousands of players are playing online at one time, but no one wants to wait minutes on one game.

Novice players switch tables even at the slightest losses thinking that the seat is not fair to them. Online games provide freedom of switching tables instantly, but it is not always a good idea. You can switch the seats in the same table if you are not feeling lucky, but the best practice is to sit at the same table for the entire game. It will help you build your strategy upon your opponents. Once you are confident with your planned strategy, you can move to new tables whenever you are done using all your moves.

When you are playing at poker games, you do not want to be distracted by anything. Otherwise, you will not be able to make the right decisions and will give up too easily. It will increase the number of mistakes caused by missing out information. Not having a serious environment for a game of poker means that you are not serious about the game. It will stop you from becoming a professional online player. If you are able to play at one table without any distractions outside of poker, you can install another table and give time to two tables at once.

]]>Texas Hold’em can be a boring game when cards are not coming your way. When you catch hold of terrible cards, it can be really annoying. If you let the frustration get the better of you, you are likely to start playing too many hands before the flop. This is the easiest way to give your chips away. Maintaining discipline and sticking to proper strategies even when you have been getting dealt rubbish hands for two hours straight is a mark of an excellent poker player. If you play too many hands pre-flop, you will be in a tricky post-flop situation with weak holdings, often resulting in substantial losses that could have been easily avoided.

It is essential to understand that some hands are just not as strong by definition, like small flushes, second pairs and top pairs with weak kickers. New players often tend to value these hands way too much, playing them almost as if they have the strongest hands. The issue with overestimating these hands is that you are turning them into bluffs. This might get an opponent to fold a more substantial hand. Since these medium-strength hands have only a decent showdown value, you do not have to take aggressive lines with them and play them for what they are worth.

This is an issue for all kinds of players alike. In fact, players often go on auto-pilot and make decisions without thinking, which can lead to expensive mistakes in poker. More often than not, these mistakes could have been avoided with just a few seconds of thinking.

When you play Hold’em, there are two critical things you need to worry about, your hand and the hand of your opponents. Some players do not think about the latter and just focus on their own hand. This can be a very costly blunder.

A good poker player always adapts to the situation at hand. While it is essential to have your own, specific game-plan, you should also be able to deviate from that plan when a particular situation arises. Some players fail to adjust to changing dynamics at the table. There are many ways to adjust against different players, and being open to these changes will help you win more and improve faster.

]]>This article aims to prove the best approach for playing Hi-Lo using basic probability. With the use of computer simulations, you can verify that a specific approach is precise and shows what happens to the probability of winning when “counting cards.”

Hi-Lo is an easy card game. A dealer also called the house begins with a standard deck of cards and turns over the top card. The players then guess whether the next card in the deck will be of a higher or lower value than that card. This process of turning over the card and guessing whether the next card is high or low continues through the rest of the pack. The best approach allows the player to guess correctly, more than about 70% of the time.

Interestingly, a consequence of the Law of Large Numbers is that remembering which cards have come up already – i.e. “counting cards” – does not substantially increase a player’s chances of guessing correctly. This game becomes more complicated if the player can bet on his or her guesses. The player can use a simple strategy to increase his or her expected winnings by 50% compared to always betting the same amount. More significantly, the player can also “count cards” and pick up an even more significant advantage.

First, you need to play the game by yourself. Start working on developing your own strategy for playing the game (for example, if the card is higher than seven you always guess lower if the card is less than seven you always guess higher) and then test the strategy out by taking a standard deck of 52 cards and keeping record of how often you can guess correctly if the next card is lower or higher than the one you turned over. If you guess right more than 70% of the time, you have got the correct approach. The next thing you have to do is select a programming language. If you have never programmed before, start with QBASIC, as it is available for free at many online sites and is closer to English than many other programming languages. You will then need to write a computer simulation that plays thousands of hands of this card game. Your simulation program needs to have two parts. The first is a shuffling routine to make sure that the deck is random. The second is the actual strategy you have chosen. You will also have to write some data collection routines, so you know how many times you have won or lost, and on which cards.

A more advanced project would examine different betting and card counting strategies to determine the optimal betting strategy in different circumstances. You can also determine how much “the house” should pay to a player who guesses correctly, how many decks “the house” should use to discourage card counting, and how far the dealer should deal into the decks before shuffling and starting over.

]]>Poker is very well a game of chance. If you do not have a good hand, the chances of winning will be low from the beginning. The basic strategy to stick to your seat with your money and wait for the right cards. Playing every hand is not necessary. You can fold when you feel you cannot make any winning combinations at any time.

Start with playing the game for free. Take your time to learn how the game works before you start chipping big money. People do not take free games seriously and put all-ins in every round. You do not want to be one of them. Consider it like real money and play only at winning possibilities. You will meet players like you who are learning with whom you can have good games while building your experience.

Poker does not give you a made hand in order to win the pot. You need to make combinations with the cards that you get on the table and based on those cards you can bluff by either forcing your opponent to fold or by trapping them to call/raise. Sometimes playing till the river can give you the advantage even if the flop did not turn lucky for you. If you have two higher cards, and the flop only has small numbers, you can still take the pot if any of the next two cards turn out in your favour. Learn to calculate your odds of winning for making the right decisions.

Know that after everything, poker is just a fresh game in every hand, and you cannot stick you one type of gameplay to keep winning for long. Observation is the key to be able to make the right strategies on the spot. Every player can have strategies of their own. If your opponent is aggressive, you can step down and play a slow game to test their patience. With the right observational skills, you can call on your opponents. This is the skill that even the most professional players practice every day to become better.

]]>Essentially, card counting is a strategy that requires the players to keep a mental track of the cards that are played during a game of blackjack or poker. It has been used by several professionals such as Blair Hull and Ed Thorp. And while card counting relies on a sharp memory, does it work?

There are several reasons why most players shy away from card counting, but it can definitely work if you take the time and have the patience to master it. Here are some of the success stories of players that did well by counting cards.

**1. Josh Axelrad –** Josh Axelrad was playing blackjack in Las Vegas. He learned the method of card counting and helped his team win thousands of dollars. In 2010, he wrote a book called ‘Repeat Until Rich: A Professional Card Counter’s Chronicle of the Blackjack Wars’, that taught other players the fundamentals.

**2. MIT Blackjack Team –** The MIT Blackjack Team was a group of students and graduates of MIT and other Ivy League colleges who used the card counting techniques to play in casinos from 1979 to the early 2000s successfully. The players invested hours of their time learning the basics of counting cards. Five years after the team was established, the players had already earned over a third of a million dollars. They used to store their winnings in garbage bags while travelling on public transportation to avoid attracting muggers.

**3. Jeff Haney –** Jeff Haney was a popular card counter in the early 21st century. He was invited to several special events for high rolling blackjack players due to his success. His escapades are documented in several journals featured on the Las Vegas Sun site.

Every player dreams of knowing what cards the dealer is holding. This reverses any edge casinos have over their players. Unfortunately, card counting is not nearly as easy as it seems in the first glance. Here are some of the challenges of card counting:

**1. Getting Banned if You are Caught –** There is a widespread belief that card counting is a way of cheating and therefore, illegal. This is not the case. Card counting is a talent that only a few people can master, and criminalizing it would mean making it illegal to think while playing.

**2. Not Practical Online –** Card counting can be an excellent strategy to follow at a real casino. However, it is not possible online because the decks are reshuffled after every hand.

**3. Dealing with Multiple Decks –** Card counting is difficult enough when you are playing with a single deck. It is a hundred times harder if you are playing with multiple decks. Most casinos use four to eight decks for blackjack, which makes it challenging to keep track.

Learning poker odds and outs are not simple. It takes dedication and passion, just like other hard sports do. Here is a list of tips to count the odds and outs lucidly.

Doing basic math can help you nail the counting of odds in a very more straightforward way. Odds can be represented both as “for” and “against”. In Poker, you need to flush when you hold four suited cards with one card as approximately 4 to 1. Maintain or learn to manage the same ratio. If you want to identify the odd, you need to add a 4 and 1 simultaneously, which makes it 5. The one method of converting the odds is by dividing the percentage chance by possibilities of you hitting and not hitting.

The best poker gamer says that even before you start to calculate your odds, you need to know your outs. An out card is one which is going to make your hand. There are a lot of examples to show the write way of calculating outs. One is, say you have a flush to draw with four hearts, and then there will be nine hearts remaining in the deck. Do not forget that there are 13 cards in a suit, so basically you have got 13-4= 9 cards to flush.

This is the prevalent mistake committed by the players. You always have 15 outs left when you have both straight and flush draw. Many people come with a dilemma of the numbers of outs they think there supposed to be 17 outs, but now it is 15. You need eight outs to make a straight and nine out for a flush.

There are many outs which can improve your hand. That does not mean it is ideal for making you win. It is advisable to know the side of caution when you asses possible outs. Remember that all your outs are not going to help you. There are good outs, not so good outs and anti-outs, use them carefully.

Once you are done with counting the number of outs, it is time to count the odds. There many multitudes of ways to calculate the actual odds. You need not take the help of math to count them. Most of the chances go in hitting the wrong odds. Sometimes the accuracy will fail, but rigorous practice can help you nail it.

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In stud poker, two types of hands can be classified as a straight.

**Straight flush** – Five cards with the same suit in sequence, such as 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.

**Ordinary Straight** – Five cards in sequence, with at least two cards with different suits. Thus, 10, J, Q, K, A and A, 2, 3, 4, 5 are valid straights.

In this article, we will be calculating the probabilities for a straight flush.

Let us execute the systematic plan to find the chances of a straight flush.

Firstly, count the number of five-card hands that can be dealt from a deck of 52 cards. This becomes a combination problem. n! / r!(n – r)! is the number of combinations. There are 52 cards in the deck, so the value of n is 52. And the cards are dealt in random groups of 5, so the value of r is 5. Thus, the number of combinations becomes:

52C5 = 52! / 5!(52 – 5)! = 52! / 5!47! = 2,598,960

Hence, there are 2,598,960 distinct poker hands.

Next, count the number of ways in which five cards can be dealt to deliver a straight flush. As we have seen earlier, a straight flush consists of five cards in order, each card with the same suit. It needs two independent choices to create a straight flush:

Choose the rank of the lowest card. For a straight, the lowest card can be an ace, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, or 10. So, we choose one rank from a set of 10 ranks. The number of ways to do this becomes 10C1.

Choose one suit for the hand. There are four suits, from which we choose one. The number of ways to do this becomes 4C1.

The number of ways to produce a straight flush (Numsf) is equal to the product of the number of ways to make each independent choice. Therefore,

Numsf = 10C1 * 4C1 = 10 * 4 = 40

Conclusion: 40 different poker hands fall in the category of straight flush.

Finally, we compute the probability. There are 2,598,960 unique poker hands. Of those, 40 are straight flushes. Therefore, the probability of being dealt a straight flush (Psf) is:

Psf = 40 / 2,598,960 = 0.00001539077169

The chances of being dealt a straight flush is, therefore, 0.00001539077169. On average, a straight flush is dealt one time in every 64,974 deals.

]]>Flopping of a straight flush is often in a poker game. For these things to happen, one must need two suited connected cards. The flopping of the straight flush of odds is very rare, where most of the poker calculators don’t show the precise. To figure out this, one has to do a little bit of basic math like combination and permutation. The only ones that can give straight flush are the suited connectors. Other holdings like pocket-pars, off-suit pairs cannot flop a straight flush.

There are two basic types of straight flush. The one is the gutshot straight flush draw, and the other is the open-ended straight flush draw. The Gutshot straight flush draws possess out in the deck, and the open straight flush will have two outs in the deck respectively.

To calculate the combination of running by the River, there generates a trick of calculating the possibility of not hitting but nailing to subtracting from 100%. The odds of not catching the gutshot straight flush on the 46/47 are roughly 4.3%.

The straight flush is an excellent implied odds. It is achieved because of our opponent who usually forced into stacking off hands like worse flushes and full houses. The straight flush carries better-implied odds, this is seen only on the hole cards. Picking one of the hole cards means that four more cards are remaining for the straight flush. This situation is quite risky since our opponent might pay us with worse holdings. Straight flushes should be folded since they possess great implied odds when lower straight flush is on the board.

This is one of the straightforward but handy tips. Here the straight flush can get you confused. All that you need to do is avoid complications. The complications can be of any type. It can be with numbers or draws, etc. Not every time complications occur, but when it happens, you will lose track of it and venture into losing the win.

One best tip of making straight flush is by staying calm and attentive. Observe the hands and cards and prepare for the upcoming move, even before you set to nail it. There are a few best practices that you need to do, like keeping extra cards, watching the co-player and hands. The probabilities of getting straight flushes are considered when your count is right.

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